If a person is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, it means that the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It is a condition in which the thyroid gland that supplies hormone to maintain your metabolism, do not work properly. As the result, the essential hormone level which is circulated throughout the body is lower than required, thereby it makes the body unable to function efficiently.
One of the factors that affect the health condition of the thyroid gland is the food you consumed. Those who suffer from an underactive thyroid should add foods rich in selenium in the diet. These nutrients are necessary to alter thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) to become triiodothyronine (T3).
Various foods rich in selenium such as brazil nuts, tuna, oysters, swordfish, herring, turkey, and many more. However, the excessive intake of selenium can cause poisoning. Therefore, you be careful in consuming these foods.
Here are some recommended foods for people with hypothyroidism:
- Brazil nut
Just one ounce of brazil nuts giving 780% of the recommended daily value for selenium. Selenium is a powerful antioxidant that not only prevent cell damage from free radicals, but also necessary for the formation of thyroid hormones. Selenium is needed for the formation of triiodothyronine (T3) and helps regulate thyroid function. You can also find selenium in tuna, beef, shrimp and cremini mushrooms.
Some popular seaweeds are nori, kombu, wakame and dulse. Seaweed is well known because it is used to make sushi rolls. Additionally, it is also used in soups and salads, and it is also available in the form of a dry snack. Seaweed contains valuable nutrients and minerals extracted from sea water where they grow. Among them are iodine, a mineral that is needed by the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones T3 and T4 (thyroxine)
- Fish and Fish Oil
Fish contain omega-3 fatty acids EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is high. According to experts, the two materials are very important for the proficiency level of thyroid function, even helping cells to be more sensitive to thyroid hormone. Omega-3 fatty acids also have anti-inflammatory effects, which are useful to treat inflammation caused by thyroid autoimmune diseases.
- Red meat and oysters
Some people who suffer from hypothyroidism would have the risk of iron deficiency. Therefore, it is advisable to consume a variety of foods rich in iron, such as beef, clams, oysters, dark turkey meat and spinach.
On the other hand, there are some foods that should be avoided because it can interfere with the production of the thyroid. Such foods include broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, sprouts, kale, spinach, radishes, soybeans, peanuts, flax seeds, and so forth.