Yeast Infection (Candidiasis) is a fungal infection caused by Candida. This fungus has more than 20 species. However, the most frequent species that cause of infection is Candida albicans.
Candiadisis can appear on various parts of the human body. Most often infected parts of the body are the mouth and around the genitals. Other body parts that can be affected by Candida infection are the nail, the esophagus, the area around the anus, and the gastrointestinal tract.
The symptoms and treatment vary depend on the location of the infection.
Oral Candidiasis (Trush)
Common symptoms of oral candidiasis include white spots in the mouth and tongue, cracking at corners of the mouth where your lips meet, and redness in the mouth area. Sore throat and difficulty in swallowing may also be experienced by the patient.
Candida infection of the genitals (yeast infection)
This fungal infection is a common cause of irritation in the vagina, but can also be experienced by men (especially men who have not been circumcised). Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection in women include itching, red and sore around the vagina, and whitish vaginal discharge. The symptoms in men are usually in the form of a red rash on the penis, itching and burning sensation at the tip of the penis.
Genital fungal infections can be considered as sexually transmitted diseases, especially in pairs. Therefore, it should be treated as soon as possible especially for infected couples.
Fungal infections should be treated immediately, especially the severe infection. If not treated and left too long, it can cause bloodstream infections.
Candidiasis Causes and Risk Factors
In normal conditions, Yeast is already existed on the surface of human skin. But if it proliferates excessively, especially on the damp parts of the body, this will lead to yeast infection. There are several factors that may increase the risk of yeast infections:
- Age, yeast infections are more often experienced by infants and the elderly. Example: diaper rash in infants.
- Weak immune system, such as HIV patients, patients undergoing chemotherapy, as well as steroid users.
- Chronic diseases, such as diabetes.
- Certain drugs, such as antibiotics.
Candidiasis Treatment and Prevention
Treatment of yeast infection vary, depending on the location of the infection, the severity, and the patient’s medical condition. There are various types of anti-fungal drugs that can be purchased freely in pharmacies to treat a fungal infection. However, make sure you always consult with a doctor to confirm the diagnosis.
Here are several examples of the type of drug that may be recommended based on the type of candidiasis.
- Oral candidiasis can be treated with antifungal mouthwash or gel form. Duration of treatment is generally ranged between one to two weeks. Your doctor may give anti-fungal medications in tablet or capsule form.
- Candida infection of the genitals can be treated with anti-fungal form of creams, suppositories, and tablets.
- Diaper rash due to candidiasis can be administered in the form of antifungal cream, ointment, and powder.
Candidiasis Natural Treatment
- Yogurt, it is one of the ways to cure vaginal yeast infection; you can apply it directly to the area around the vulva or infected part of the female genitalia.
- Garlic (Allium sativum), consuming garlic can prevent and treat yeast infection
- Salt water, Utilize saline water as a mouthwash can cure the disease caused by Candida.
- Apple, consuming apple every day can reduce the fungal infection of the mouth
- Green tea, consuming or drinking two cups of green tea every day will help treat oral candidiasis.